ITP Series: Introduction

What is an ITP?

ITP stands for Individualized Transition Plan. While the IEP (Individualized Education Plan) targets annual goals, the ITP targets goals beyond high school and into adulthood.  

The ITP and IEP are closely connected.  IEP goals should support each of the ITP goals. Think of an ITP goal as a future vision under construction and annual IEP goals as present day individual bricks necessary to build the vision. 

The Individualized Transition Plan covers three main areas, all of which pertain to life after aging out of the school system:

  1. Further Education and/or Training
  2. Independent Living Skills
  3. Employment

When does my special needs child get an ITP?

At the age of 14 transition planning begins. Depending on the state you reside, programs are put in place at the age of 14 or 16.  ITP planning should come before the IEP goals in the age eligible year because the IEP and related services are the building blocks of the ITP. 

For example, if your child's IEP renews in October but his/her birthday is November, the ITP process needs to start earlier than his/her birthday. If you are in a state with a deadline age of 16 rather than 14, you do have the right to request an earlier start.  An early start is wise when learning necessary skills for adulthood will require much repetition. Requests are to be made in writing and the school district has 15 days to respond.

What is included in the ITP?

The “I” in IEP and ITP both stand for “individual”.  Just as your child’s Individualized Education Plan is a custom fit, so should the Individualized Transition Plan. The assessment process sets the stage for what will be the Transition Goals.  If there are skills you know are needed for future goals, then they need to be assessed above and beyond the customary assessments.  

 Part 2 of this series is devoted to assessments for the ITP.

Who participates in the ITP process?

The ITP is held in conjunction with the IEP so your typical team of educators, nurses, therapists, etc. will be included. It is also important to include your child in the process of determining his/her future.

Part 3 & 4 of this series covers goal setting. 

In addition, you may want to consider inviting others such as:

  • Employers and/or employment agencies
  • Community representatives who have experience with your child
  • Private pay therapists or program directors your child attends
  • A representative from the Department of Rehabilitation
  • Personal care or health care providers 
  • Transportation agency staff

Part 4 of this series will cover interagency collaboration.

Why is the Individualized Transition Plan important?

The ITP will become the driving force of how your child spends the last years leading up to aging out of the school system. It is a unique time in development where much energy and focus can go into individual goals that will set him/her up for success as an adult. As you may know, after aging out of the school system obtaining quality services becomes more difficult. The ITP is a final push in the last years.